Specific vaccinations reduce both the chance of becoming infected, if challenged, and the severity of illness, if infection occurs, allowing more rapid recovery, as well as reducing the risk of spread to other horses.
Why is it important to vaccinate your horse?
However, vaccination is essential to keep your horse healthy—and in some cases, alive—for the long run. The age, breed, and sex of your horse all have an impact on his or her risk of contracting certain diseases. Additionally, your horse could be exposed to environmental risks at your farm, ranch, stable, or beyond.
What is the most important vaccine for horses?
The AAEP considers the “core vaccines” which all horses should have regardless of their age or use to be Rabies vaccine, Encephalitis/Tetanus vaccine, and West Nile Virus vaccine. Many horses, based on their age and use, should also be vaccinated for the respiratory diseases- Influenza, Rhinopneumonitis, and Strangles.
How often do I need to vaccinate my horse?
Pleasure and performance horses should be vaccinated every 3–6 mo, depending on the risk of exposure. Broodmares should have an EHV-4 vaccination 2–4 wk before foaling to ensure the availability of colostral immunity.
What vaccinations do horses need yearly?
Important Considerations and Conclusions. You should always consult with your veterinarian to develop a vaccine plan for your horse. Again, ALL horses should receive the core vaccines (rabies, EEE/WEE, tetanus, and West Nile Virus).
How many times a year do you deworm a horse?
Each horse should be dewormed every 6 months with an Ivermectin product (Spring and Fall). Ivermectin is a larvicidal (will kill parasite larvae), and if used every 6 months on each horse, large strongyles will be eliminated from your farm.
What injections does a horse need?
We recommend that all horse, pony and donkey owners regularly vaccinate their animals in order to prevent some serious and potentially life-threatening, diseases. Those most commonly vaccinated for are equine influenza, tetanus and for breeding stock, equine herpes virus (EHV).
Is there a vaccine for EHV 1?
Vaccines available against EHV-1 and EHV-4 infection are available and are being progressively more widely used. They do not completely prevent individual horses from infection but they reduce the risk of infection to other horses and the severity of clinical signs if infection occurs.
Can you ride your horse after vaccinations?
Can I ride my horse after a flu vaccination? The advice that we offer is that you can ride your horse, but perhaps just stick to a gentle hack for the first 24hrs after the vaccination rather than for example cross country schooling or galloping.
When is the best time to vaccinate horses?
In general, we recommend that your horse receive EWT/WN, PHF/Rabies, Strangles, and Flu/Rhino in the Spring, and PHF and Flu/Rhino in the Fall. Based on your horse’s risk factors, you may be able to eliminate some vaccines – always speak to your veterinarian to determine the best plan for your horse.
How often does a horse need a tetanus shot?
Tetanus is an easily preventable disease. Vaccination with ‘tetanus toxoid’ should be used for all horses and ponies. The initial course consists of two injections given approximately four to six weeks apart followed by a booster at one year and further boosters annually.