How do you give an intramuscular injection to a horse?

How do you inject a horse?

Hold the needle between your thumb and index finger, and then use the bottom of your fist to tap the injection site before inserting the needle. The theory is, this way, the horse is given some warning before they’re jabbed.

Do you pinch the skin for an IM injection?

Insert needle at an 45o angle to the skin. Pinch up on SQ tissue to prevent injecting into muscle. Aspiration before injection is not required.

What size needle do you use on a horse?

A large-diameter needle (18 gauge) works best with thick solutions such as penicillin, while a smaller-diameter needle (20 to 21 gauge) can handle a thin, watery solution. Remember, a larger gauge number equals a smaller diameter.

What are horses joints injected with?

Inflammatory and degradative enzymes that destroy normal joint environments can be altered by use of hyaluronic acid (HA) and corticosteroids injected into the joint. The combination of the two has been scientifically proven to have a more thorough and lasting effect than HA alone or corticosteroids alone.

Where do you give a horse a penicillin shot?

The two main muscle groups I recommend are the back of the thighs (buttocks area unless the horse is a known “kicker”) and the neck. For example, inject the left neck in the morning and left buttocks in the evening. The next day, switch to the right side.

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Why do we pull back on the plunger when giving an intramuscular injection?

Many nurses have been taught to aspirate before giving an IM injection to ensure the medication is not inadvertently delivered into a vein. Aspiration consists of drawing back on the plunger once the needle has been inserted to see if any blood returns into the syringe.

Can you give a horse penicillin orally?

Penicillin V given orally was thus shown to be an acceptable alternative to parenteral administration of penicillin in the horse.

How long does Cartrophen take to work in horses?

An initial treatment course of 4 injections given at 5-7 day intervals is recommended. The beneficial effects are normally noticed after the second or third injection. The improvement noted is often maintained for a few months after the fourth injection.

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