The neck, shoulder, back and hip should all be approximately equal lengths and the horse’s topline should be shorter than its underline (Figure 1). Figure 2: The horse on the top represents good conformation — the topline is shorter than the underline.
Why is horse conformation important?
Conformation is a major factor in the physical soundness of a horse. Poor conformation can lead to problems related to concussion. Concussion is the force that travels up the leg each time the hoof hits the ground and if excessive, leads to injuries and conditions such as ringbone (a disease of the pastern joints).
Does the ideal horse exist in terms of perfect conformation?
A horse with completely perfect conformation doesn’t exist, so you’ll need to be realistic when assessing your new horse. Bear in mind that moderate to extreme deviations from normal conformation are more likely to impact performance and soundness than mild ones.
What does cow hocked mean in horses?
Conformation and Lameness
Horses with mild external rotation of the distal extremity are said to be toed out and usually also have external rotation of hocks, causing the points of the hocks to be closer than normal. This fault is called cow-hocked conformation and is a rotational change of the hindlimb (Figure 4-31).
What is sickle hocked in horses?
A sickle-hocked leg structure is one in which the back leg joints of an animal, usually a horse or other equine mammal, are set with too much angle, resulting in the hock also being excessively angled. This can result in uneven hoof wear, which is incredibly painful for the affected horse.
What causes a horse to paddle or wing?
With a knock-kneed horse when the leg is folded back at the knee the cannon bone, and thus also fetlock and hoof will not align under the forearm, but will fold up to the outside of the forearm. When the horse folds and swings the limb in movement this creates the paddling action.
What do you mean by conformation?
1 : the act of conforming or producing conformity : adaptation. 2 : formation of something by appropriate arrangement of parts or elements : an assembling into a whole the gradual conformation of the embryo.
How do you value a horse?
There are many factors that can help to determine the value of your horse which are explained in more detail below.
- Factors Influencing Value. Age. …
- Age 7-12yrs. …
- Height, Sex & Colour. …
- Temperament. …
- Breeding. …
- Intended Job/Performance Record. …
- Health Status. …
What is pigeon toed horse?
“Pigeon toe” refers to conformation of the limbs such that when viewed from the front, the hoof from the fetlock down deviates inward. This is much more common in front limbs. … Horses that have pigeon toe conformation usually paddle when viewed from the front.